THE moon has a critical purpose to play in a holy month – that won’t start until a new crescent is sighted.
This means millions of Muslims will be gripping an eye out on a all-important lunar change. Here’s a low-down.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is a ninth month of a Islamic calendar and is distinguished by Muslims worldwide.
Muslims observe Ramadan by a month of fasting and eremite devotion, that commemorates a initial explanation of a Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
Fasting is requisite for adult Muslims, solely those who are pang from an illness, travelling, are elderly, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic, chronically ill or menstruating.
Instead, meals embody an early morning suhur, between 2.30am and 3am, and an dusk iftar is enjoyed around 9pm-9.30pm.
Muslims also review as most of a Koran as they can during a holy month, and are speedy to observe 5 prayers each day.
Often, people will present vast sums of income to gift during Ramadan and assistance feed a hungry.
And married couples refrain from passionate retort during a day.
What purpose does a moon have?
Muslims follow a lunar calendar, so a date of a holy month is formed on moon-sighting methodology.
Muslims expect a finish of Shaaban, a month preceding Ramadan, by examination for a deficiency or participation of a crescent moon, that respectively prove a delay of Shaban or commencement of Ramadan.
Ramadan is announced usually when a crescent moon is sighted in Saudi Arabia, where Islam is a state religion.
In 2018, a holy month started a day after than scheduled as bad continue in Saudi Arabia done it formidable to see a moon.
Ramadan shifts each year since of this lunar calendar, that creates a Islam calendar 11 days shorter than a Gregorian one.
As a calendar is formed on lunar cycles, a date of Ramadan is theme to acknowledgment by a moon sighting tighten to that time.
In 2019, a holy month is due to start on Sunday, May 5 – though this is theme to lunar sightings.
Muslims applaud the finish of Ramadan with a critical festival Eid, that during a impulse is due to interpretation on Tuesday, Jun 4.